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The fibre used to weave a rug affects the end look and feel of the finished product.It also has an impact on the durability of a rug, and the uses it’s suited for.
|Rug Type||Texture||Durability||Moisture Resistance||Stain Resistance||Minimal Shedding||Sustainability|
|Viscose / Art Silk / Rayon||Soft||Low / Average|
Wool is the most common rug material and its durability extends generations. It is an incredibly resilient natural fiber that comes from the shearing of sheep (and sometimes other animals like alpacas, goats or llamas). The fibres are cleaned, segregated, carded and spun into yarn. It is graded by the length of individual hairs and where that hair comes from on the animal’s body. The best wool often comes from the neck, belly and sections under the legs of the sheep, where it tends to be finer, softer and longer. Climate and habitat also contribute to the quality of wool, and most of Jaipur’s stock is sourced from India and New Zealand.
The carding and spinning can be done by hand or machine. Machine carded and spun makes even and thinner fibres that are less durable, while hand-carded and hand-spun make uneven, but durable yarn and gives better character to the finished rug.
It gives a classic matt look, and texture varies from source to source. Blends are made to create the desired texture, durability and costing.
Wool absorbs moisture and dust, keeps the room safe from allergens and is even fire resistant!
Silk is considered one of the finest material for a rug, famously associated with royalty. It is a natural protein fibre harvested from the cocoons of cultivated or wild silkworms.
It is used for intricate detailing since the fibres are even and thin, requiring great skill to weave and is most desirable for its aesthetic and legendary softness. Silk rugs are maintained as collectibles for their high value, and are recommended to be used more as décor, perhaps even as wall art, as it withers easily if kept in high traffic areas.
Cotton is the most trusted and commonly used fabric. It comes from a fluffy, plant-based fibre that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant. It is used in flatweaves like dhurries and kilims, making it a flexible choice of décor that can be used and stored easily. Cotton breathes, is washable and can be used either indoor or outdoor.
Bamboo Silk is a blend of wood pulp and natural fibres extracted from the bamboo plant. It mimics the look and feel of silk and is considered its cost effective substitute. Viscose creates a visual effect on carpets as the tips of the fibres have a shine compared to its length. It also possesses anti-microbial properties, making the home a healthier place with a cost-effective rug.
These rough and coarse plant fibres are becoming more and more popular as a banner for the eco-friendly. Its colours are earthy, texture is rich and is a perfect choice for high traffic areas. The best place to use it is at the indoor-outdoor transition.